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Hunnius, Carl Julius Adolph, 1842-1923


BIOGRAPHY of Carl Julius Adolph ("Ado") Hunnius

A German emigrant to the United States in 1861, Hunnius settled in New York. Carl Hunnius, known as "Ado," was born on October 24, 1842 in Leipzig, Saxony. After serving in the Civil War with the 1st New York Volunteer Infantry and a secondary stint with the 3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment (during which time he was stationed at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas), Hunnius worked as a civil engineer in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Department of Missouri, Fort Leavenworth. His surveying and map-making duties required that he travel throughout Missouri, Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico, the Indian Territory, and northern Texas.

Hunnius married Bertha Baechle in Leavenworth, Kansas in December 1869. Together they had four children: Ado Benno Carl J., Herman A. Oscar, Ernst or Ernest, and Elisabeth (Elizabeth).

Hunnius retired from government service in 1877 and established a book and stationery store in Leavenworth, also serving as an agent for the anthropological and ethnological museum of Leipzig, gathering donations and information for the museum from the United States. He remained in the stationary buisness until his death in 1923 from pneumonia.

While in the employ of the Corps of Engineers, Hunnius maintained at least two diaries. These diaries, which fully detail his work in 1876, are meticulously written and illustrated with pencil drawings.

Found in 1 Record:

Carl Julius Adolph Hunnius papers

Call Number: RH MS 153

Transcripts of the diaries kept by Carl Julius Adolph Hunnius documenting his surveys of the Red River, January 10, 1876 to January 24, 1876, and April 25, 1876 to June 30, 1876. The collection also includes the original diary of the second survey, a biography of Ado Hunnius, and two tintypes and print copies of Hunnius and his guide Billy Dixon.

Dates: 1876