James Henry Lane Papers
The collection includes correspondence, notes and source material, clippings, maps, photographs, documents, and other related items, dating primarily from 1841-1923.
- 1841 - 1923
- Lane, James Henry (James Henry), 1814-1866 (Author, Person)
Conditions Governing Access
No access restrictions.
Conditions Governing Use
Spencer Library staff may determine use restrictions dependent on the physical condition of manuscript materials.
Biography of Lane, James Henry
James Henry Lane (1814-1866) was a noted military and political leader of Kansas. He was active in his home state of Indiana, serving as a military commander in the Mexican War (1841) and later as Indiana's Lieutenant Governor from 1849-1853. Lane then entered national politics as a Democratic Congressman from Indiana and served one term (1853-1855).
The Free State Movement lured Lane to the Kansas Territory in April of 1855. He became an active leader in the Topeka Movement. In June of 1858, Lane's political career was suspended because of his land dispute with Gaius Jenkins, whom Lane killed; Lane temporarily retired from politics.
In 1861, the people of the newly-formed State of Kansas elected Lane as their first U.S. Senator. Upon arriving in Washington, he found the city in great fear of the advancing Southern forces. Lane quickly organized a Kansas "Frontier Guard," which bivouacked temporarily in the White House and won the respect of President Lincoln. Over the years, Lane maintained a close friendship with the President and became one of his most respected confidants. In 1863, Lane recruited, under the President's command, a regiment of black soldiers to guard the Kansas borders.
Senator James Henry Lane died on July 11, 1866, from self-inflicted wounds received ten days earlier.
1 linear foot (2 boxes + 1 folder, 1 oversize folder)
Language of Materials
Scope and Contents
The University of Kansas began to actively collect James H. Lane material in 1942. The manuscript materials include correspondence, notes and source material, clippings, maps, photographs, documents and miscellaneous items, dating primarily from 1841-1923.
Special references are made to the discharge of L. Holtslander, one of the members of Lincoln's "Frontier Guards" who was discharged in the basement of the White House; the work done about Lane by William E. Connelley from the Kansas State Historical Society; and accounts and legal documents concerning the land dispute between Lane and Gaius Jenkins.
RH MS 28
RH MS-P 28
RH MS Q398
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Purchases, 1942-1969; gift, 2015.
- Connelley, William Elsey, 1855-1930
- Crawford, Samuel R.
- Curtis, Samuel Ryan, 1805-1866
- Delaware Tribe of Indians
- Fort Leavenworth (Kan.) -- History
- Gibson, Thomas (Correspondent of James H. Lane)
- Guthrie, Abelard, 1814-1873
- Holstlander, L.
- Jenkins, Gaius, 1812-1858
- Kansas -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
- Lane, Mary Elizabeth Baldridge, 1826-1885
- Leavenworth (Kan.)
- Lee, A. L.
- Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865
- Mexican War, 1846-1848
- Missouri River Railway Company
- National Union Committee for the West.
- Union Pacific Railroad Company
- United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
- United States. Army. Kansas Infantry Regiment, 7th
- United States. Kansas-Nebraska Act
- Guide to the James Henry Lane Collection
- James Henry Lane Papers
- lgg 10/72; msb 04/15
- 2004; 2015
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Finding aid written in English.
- Finding aid permalink
- Preferred citation
James Henry Lane Collection, RH MS 28, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas
Part of the University of Kansas. Kenneth Spencer Research Library Repository
1450 Poplar Lane
Lawrence KS 66045-7616 United States