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Elizabeth Murray Raymond papers

Call Number: RH MS 1125


Elizabeth Raymond was a Lawrence resident whose grandfather, Joseph M. Raymond, served in the Union Army during the Civil War. This collection contains the elder Raymond's diary entries, personal records, and correspondence with Hila Bennitt, whom he would later marry. Elizabeth Raymond compiled these documents into a narrative about her grandparents' experiences during the war. Copies of that manuscript, "Ohio Volunteer: Joseph Murray Raymond Diaries" are also part of this collection.


  • Creation: 1861 - 1999


Conditions Governing Access

No access restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Spencer Library staff may determine use restrictions dependent on the physical condition of manuscript materials.

Biography of Joseph Murray Raymond

Joseph M. Raymond was born on October 6, 1837 in Ohio. He worked as a schoolteacher and corresponded with his friend Hila Bennitt, also a teacher. During the first year of the American Civil War, Raymond confided to Bennitt that he was in ill health and feared the rigors of military service might hasten his demise. However, on August 13, 1862, he enlisted in the Union Army in Tiffin, Ohio, and served in Company I of the 101st Ohio Volunteer Regiment.

Starting on August 25, 1862, Raymond began recording a diary of his activities and observations. He also continued to exchange letters with Hila and other friends from Ohio. Raymond's diary ended abruptly in June of 1863, and it remains a mystery whether he ceased writing voluntarily or if the pages from that period were merely lost. On September 19, 1863, Raymond participated in the Battle of Chickamauga. He had carried a mortally wounded comrade, Isaac Rule, to a field hospital that Confederate forces promptly captured. Raymond thus became a prisoner of war.

Raymond was included in a prisoner exchange between the opposing armies, and he was returned to Ohio in November of 1863. By the end of the year, Raymond was stationed in Camp Chase, Ohio in a "parole" unit, awaiting the return of additional prisoners. He also resumed his diary during this time. By June of 1864, Raymond had rejoined his regiment and saw further combat in the Atlanta Campaign.

In 1868, Raymond and Bennitt were married. They eventually settled in Kansas and operated a dairy farm. The Raymonds had two sons, William and Frederick. The latter became a professor at the University of Kansas and reconstructed his father's war service by studying his diaries and letters. Joseph M. Raymond died in 1910.


.75 Linear Feet (2 document cases + 1 volume)

Language of Materials


Physical Location

RH MS 1125

Physical Location

RH MS D287

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift, Estate of Elizabeth Raymond, 2006.

Related Materials

Raymond family papers, RH MS 190, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas.

Raymond family collection, Manuscripts Collection 797, State Archives, Kansas Historical Society.

Guide to the Elizabeth Murray Raymond Collection
Elizabeth Murray Raymond papers
Finding aid prepared by mt, 2008; revised by cl, 2010; revised by skt, 2010.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Finding aid written in<language encodinganalog="language">English.</language>
Finding aid permalink
Preferred citation
Elizabeth Murray Raymond Collection, Kansas Collection, RH MS 1125, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas

Repository Details

Part of the University of Kansas. Kenneth Spencer Research Library Repository

1450 Poplar Lane
Lawrence KS 66045-7616 United States