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Journal and record of accounts of Royal Baldwin

Call Number: RH MS B71


Journal of Royal Baldwin, who from 1856 to 1858 was agent to the Kickapoo tribe in Kansas Territory. Includes descriptions of his travels and meetings in council with the Kickapoo, their conditions, and statements of accounts for individual members of the tribe. Also includes receipts, memoranda, and other items.


  • 1856 - 1860


Conditions Governing Access

No access restrictions

Conditions Governing Use

Spencer Library staff may determine use restrictions dependent on the physical condition of manuscript materials.

Biography of Royal Baldwin

Royal Baldwin served as Indian agent to the Kickapoo tribe in Kansas Territory from 1856 to 1858. In his U.S. Senate nomination for the appointment, which received Senate approval on April 18, 1856, he was identified as “Royal Baldwin of Ohio.” Baldwin’s successor as agent was approved by the Senate on May 10, 1858.


1 volume (1 volume, 1 folder) ; Volume measures 17 cm tall.

Language of Materials


Scope and Contents

Baldwin’s journal, 124 bound leaves with a tabbed leather, chiefly chronicles his activities and transactions while serving as agent to the Kickapoo Indians in Kansas Territory. The journal consists largely of Baldwin’s pencilled records of his accounts and transactions, dating from 1856 to 1860. His statements of accounts for individual members of the Kickapoo include those of John Kennekuk. Baldwin’s dated entries of his activities appear chiefly on sixteen consecutive leaves and date from June 1857 to July 1858. He lists his many travels to St. Joseph, Missouri and, within Kansas Territory, to the Kickapoo Agency and Kickapoo Reserve, noting his meetings with the tribal council, purchases and legal assistance on behalf of the Kickapoo, and their conditions, including smallpox epidemics. Appearing frequently in Baldwin’s journal is the name of Peter Cadue, a Kickapoo interpreter whose services he employed.

Seventeen miscellaneous handwritten items, dated 1856 to 1859, were housed within an interior pocket of Baldwin's journal. The items are chiefly receipts issued to Baldwin for grain and land purchases, but also include warrants, memoranda, and a registered letter notice. These items were removed to RH MS P618.

Physical Location


Physical Location

RH MS P618

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Purchase, Alfred Goodman.

Guide to the Royal Baldwin Collection
Journal and record of accounts of Royal Baldwin
Finding aid prepared by mh, 2004. Finding aid encoded by mh, 2004.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Finding aid written in English.
Finding aid permalink
Preferred citation
Royal Baldwin journal, Kansas Collection, RH MS B71, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas

Repository Details

Part of the University of Kansas. Kenneth Spencer Research Library Repository

1450 Poplar Lane
Lawrence KS 66045-7616 United States