36 plans of late 17th century fortifications, primarily in the region between France and Belgium.
- 1667 - 1686
Conditions Governing Access
No access restrictions
Conditions Governing Use
Spencer Library staff may determine use restrictions dependent on the physical condition of manuscript materials.
1 box (1 case + 1 oversize folder with drawings of 39 fortifications ) : Ornamentation: Ink and watercolor; occasional pencil construction-lines. Some with key, some with names on plan, some without names of features. Some elaborate titles. Plans always include fortifications, watercourses, roads; often mountains, woods, marsh; occasionally buildings in perspective; once streets (unnamed). Scale (often in thoises). Pagination: Each plan on separate sheet, folded once: unfolded sheet ca. 53cm high, 77-91 cm wide. Formerly bound; formed part of numbered series of which Verdun was no. 66. Material: Paper watermarked with columbier and chaplet, countermarked Cusson and BQC. Scribe: Unsigned. Paper from Auvergne
Language of Materials
Scope and Contents
39 plans of late 17th century fortifications, primarily on the France Belgium border: Ath A[?](Belgium), Amiens (Somme), Antwerp (Belgium), port of Agde (Hérault), Ardres (Pas-de-Calais), Abbeville (Somme), Avesnes-sur-Helpe (Nord).. Bapaume (Pas-de-Calais), Brest (Finistère), Béthune (Pas-de-Calais), Boulogne-sur-Mer (Pas-de-Calais, Bouchain (Nord), Charleville & Mézières (Ardennes), Charleroi (Belgium), Sierck (Moselle), Condé sur l'Escaut (Nord); [environs], Port Louis and environs (Morbihan) [present Lorient], Châlon-sur-Saône (Saône-et-Loire), Doullens (Somme) Dendermonde [or Termonde] (Belgium) La Fère (Aisne), Guise (Aisne), Gravelines (Nord), Hesdin (Pas-de-Calais), Ham (Somme) , Landrecies (Nord), Nieuport (Belgium), Namur (Belgium), Oudenaarde (Belgium), Peronne (Somme), Pinerolo (Piedmont, Italy) "Pignerole"-identification not certain], Le Quesnoy (Nord), Stenay (Meuse), Sedan (Ardennes), J St. Quentin (Aisne), St. Omer (Pas-de-Calais), Toul (Meurthe-et-Moselle), Toulon (Var), Verdun (Meuse).
Fourteen of these places were fortified by Vauban (Vauban, Sebastian Le Prestre de (1633-1707)); many of the others were fortified under Louis XIV, and superficial research does not rule out Vauban; but he had a hand in 160 forts.
- Charleroi founded
- After 1667
- When Ath became an octagon
- (Agde) Canal du Midi not shown [but would it show?]
- Stenay redone by Vauban
- Before 1686
- (Charleville) Mont Olympe not yet razed
- Vauban fortified Namur [but are these V's fortifications?]
- Pinerolo not yet demolished
- Sedan smaller than EB plan
- Lorient not yet official name
- (Chalon) Canal du Centre not shown
Other Finding Aids
For a detailed description of many of the maps, see ksrl.sc.frenchfortifications.pdf.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Jacques Rosenthal, 1960?
- Guide to the Collection of late 17th-century French Fortification Plans
- French fortifications
- Finding aid prepared by alh, 1964; revised by ksc, 2006. Finding aid encoded by skt, 2006.
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Finding aid written in English.
- Finding aid permalink
- Preferred citation
Collection of late 17th-century French Fortification Plans, Department of Special Collections, MS J3, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas
Part of the University of Kansas. Kenneth Spencer Research Library Repository
1450 Poplar Lane
Lawrence KS 66045-7616 United States