Skip to main content

Correspondence of Lady Mary Holland

 Collection — Box: 1, Folder: 1-20
Call Number: MS 203A


This is a collection of 20 letters, dated 1771-1777, from Lady Mary Holland (ca 1746-1778), wife of Stephen Fox, to Fran├žoise Payne (lLater Lady Lavington), wife of the governor of the Leeward Islands. They consist of social and domestic news from one politician's wife to another.


  • Creation: 1772 - 1777


Language of Materials

English, French

Conditions Governing Access

No access restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Spencer Library staff may determine use restrictions dependent on the physical condition of manuscript materials.

Biography of Lady Mary Holland

Lady Mary Fitzpatrick (daughter of the Earl of Upper Ossory) married Stephen Fox, brother of the politician Charles James Fox, in 1766; her brother Richard was C.J. Fox's closest friend. In July 1774 Stephen became the 2nd Baron Holland, but in December he died and was succeeded by her son, Henry Richard Fox. Lady Holland died in October 1778.


.13 Linear Feet (20 folders) : Material: paper. Signatures used include "M. Fox"; "Mary Fox"; "Mary Holland"; "M. Holland", "M.H."

Scope and Contents

These letters largely report the amusements of Whig society to Holland's friend, Mrs. Payne (later Lady Payne, and after 1795 Lady Lavington), who was in Antigua while her husband was governor of the Leeward Islands 1771-1775. A brief synopsis of each folder:

  1. [1769 X February 1771] Thursday, Burlington St. 2p (1 piece)
  2. January 11, 1772 - February 3, Winterslow & London Rather 8p (2 pieces)
  3. March 31 [1772]-April 17, Cavendish Square 5p (2 pieces)
  4. May 31, 1772 Cavendish Square 6p (2 pieces)
  5. [1771 x 1774] Signed fragment "& ne m'inquiette pas..." 2p (1 piece)
  6. January 31, 1773 Cavendish Square 6p (2 pieces)
  7. [1773?] June 23, "1774" Winterslow House 7p & address (2 pieces)
  8. September 9, 1773 Cavendish Square 2p (1 piece)
  9. January 23, 1774 Bath 5p & address (2 pieces) -- June 23, 1774 Winterslow [See item 7]
  10. January 6, 1775 Upper Brook Street 4p (1 piece)
  11. September 7, [or 9] 1775 Tunbridge 3p (1 piece)
  12. October 12, [1775 x 1776] Ampthill Park 3p & docketed (1 piece)
  13. November 13, 1775 Upper Brook Street 4p (1 piece)
  14. December 27, 1775 Upper Brook Street 3p (1 piece)
  15. [1775 x 1778] Wednesday "this Hill" 3p (1 piece)
  16. [1775 x 1778] Tuesday Night 1p & docketed (1 piece)
  17. May 29, 1777 Staines 5p & address (2 pieces)
  18. [1777?] Saturday night, Old Windsor, Long paper 4p (1 piece)
  19. August 26, 1777 Old Windsor 4p (1 piece)
  20. December 30, 1777 Upper Brook Street 4p (1 piece)

Physical Location

MS 203A

Other Finding Aids

See the attached for a detailed list by numbered

Custodial History

The historian George Herbert Guttridge (1898-1969) collected letters by 18th-century English and Scottish figures, primarily Whig politicians. He seems to have obtained these letters in groups of varying sizes, often from bookdealers. Spencer Research Library acquired the collection through the California bookdealer Joseph Rubinstein following Guttridge's death in 1969. During processing, the Guttridge Collection manuscripts were subdivided, following their original provenance, into the Correspondence of Sir William Lee; the Papers of David Erskine, 11th earl of Buchan; the Correspondence of Mary Holland; and Miscellaneous Correspondence. A group of 154 printed pamphlets acquired at the same time have been cataloged separately as printed works.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Purchase, Rubenstein, 1969.

Guide to the Guttridge Collection of Lady Mary Holland Correspondence
Correspondence of Lady Mary Holland
Finding aid prepared by alh, 1986; revised by ksc, 2006. Finding aid encoded by skt, 2006.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Finding aid written in English.
Finding aid permalink
Preferred citation
Correspondence of Lady Mary Holland, MS 203A, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas.

Repository Details

Part of the University of Kansas. Kenneth Spencer Research Library Repository

1450 Poplar Lane
Lawrence KS 66045-7616 United States