A true survaigh of [lands in Creswell Manor, Blimhill, and Brineton, Staffordhire] belonging to Oliver Lord Fitzwilliam Earl of Tirconnel and Mrs. Mary Fitzwilliam
This survey describes lands in Creswall [i.e. Creswell] Manor, Blimhill [i.e. Blymhill] and Brineton, Staffordshire, England, belonging to Oliver, 2nd Viscount Fitzwilliam, 1st Earl of Tirconnell [i.e. Tyrconnell] (died 1667) and Mrs. Mary Fitzwilliam. The survey was done between 1663-1667 by John Wilson.
- 1663 - 1667
- Wilson, John, active 1663-1667 (Person)
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1 folder (17 pages) : Binding: Unbound manuscript in 2 gatherings, formerly sewn and perhaps part of a volume. Foliation: 1-17 [18-20]. Pages 18 and 20 blank. Collation:[A6][B2]. Material: paper.
Scope and Contents
All of the lands described in the survey are located in Staffordshire, England. Creswell is about 2 miles northwest of Stafford, while Blymill and Brineton are about 9 miles southwest of Stafford.
The survey lists about 350 fields by name, with the value and the acreage of each. It includes enclosed pasture land, arable land, and meadows; meadow doles; and arable land in named commons.
Although this survey consists only of a written description, the physical evidence suggests that it may formerly have been accompanied by a (folded?) map. The 2 gatherings were formerly sewn and may have been bound in a volume, such as an estate atlas. The outer margins of the blank back page of the 2nd gathering are dirty and discolored, marking the edges of a clean, slightly smaller rectangular patch that indicates lengthy proximity to a smaller or folded leaf, such as a map, not now present. A marked vertical center fold also indicates that the survey description must have been folded at some time for greater portability or more compact storage, whether bound (typical of the period would be a soft, foldable leather cover) or not.
Oliver Lord Fitzwilliam had inherited part ownership of the property from his first wife, Dorothy Brereton, who died without issue. He and a younger brother had married sisters, the daughters and heirs of Richard Brereton of Malpas, Cheshire (Burke 162, 214). Mrs. Mary Fitzwilliam may have been his sister-in-law or a relative who had inherited her interest. This survey must date between the creation of the title Earl of Tyrconnell in 1663 and his death in 1667. The surveyor has assigned it "A true survaigh. . . by me John Wilson." He may be the John Wilson also listed in Steer, Eden and Bendall (vol. 2, 561) as surveyor of an estate map in neighboring Warwickshire in 1682, although there are no maps accompanying this survey description.
- page 1-3: A true Survaigh of Creswall Demesins situate in the County of Stafford belonging Oliver Lord Fitzwilliam Earle of Tircoñell and Ms Mary Fitzwilliam by me John Wilson. Mañour de Creswall:...
- page 3: ...the whole number of Acres...660-1-1-25...Creswall ends.
- page 4-6: A true Survaigh of certaine lands belonging to Oliver Lord Fitzwilliam Earle of Tircoñell & Ms Mary Fitzwilliam lying in Blimhill & Brineton in the County of Stafford in the Possession of Doctour Thomas Reuill & in lease during the naturall life of Mary Reuill his wife. High Hall Farme lying in Blimhill:...
- page 6: ...The containt...174-1-0-15...High Hall ends.
- page 7: That tenement in Lease to John Luellen & now in the houldinge or occupation of William Pitts: ... 23-1-1-30.
- page 7: That tenement in Lease to John Luellen & now in the occupation of Josyas Jones:...
- page 8: That tenement in the occupation of the Widdow Addarley out of Lease free to the Lorde lying in Blimhill in the County of Stafford ...12-1-1-26.
- page 9: That tenement in the occupation of Thomas Mason out of Lease free to the Lord lying in Blimhill...40-1-0-00.
- page 11: The whole number of Acres ... of all the Land in Blimhill is 263-1-0-03.
- page 12: That tenement now in the possession of Richard Fiñyhouse out of lease free to the Lord in Brineton in the County of Stafford ... 34-1-0-10.
- page 14: That tenement in the possession of John Parron in Brineton...39-1-l-33.
- page 16: That tenem't now in the possession of John Turnor lyinge in Brineton...in lease to him ... during his naturall life...18-1-0-31.
- page 17: ...The whole number of Acres...in Blimhill & Brineton is 356-1-0-37 ... John Wilson.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Purchase, Howard S. Mott, Sheffield, Massachusetts, bookseller's catalog 192:57h, 1974
- Burke, Bernard. A genealogical history of the dorman, abeyant, forfeited, and extinct peerages of the British empire., London: Harrison, 1883.
- Steer, Francis W., Peter Eden and Sarah A. Bendall. Dictionary of land surveyors and local map-makers of Great Britain and Ireland 1530-1850, London: British Library, 1997. 2nd ed.
- Guide to the Land Survey by John Wilson
- A true survaigh of [lands in Creswell Manor, Blimhill, and Brineton, Staffordhire] belonging to Oliver Lord Fitzwilliam Earl of Tirconnel and Mrs. Mary Fitzwilliam
- Finding aid prepared by alh, 1974; revised by ksc, 2006 and 2007. Finding aid encoded by amc, 2007.
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Finding aid written in English.
- Finding aid permalink
- Preferred citation
A true survaigh of [lands in Creswell Manor, Blimhill, and Brineton, Staffordhire] belonging to Oliver Lord Fitzwilliam Earl of Tirconnel and Mrs. Mary Fitzwilliam, Department of Special Collections, MS P449, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas