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Christine "Felix" Sturgeon papers

Call Number: MS 330


The collection contains a large number of letters concerning Christine Sturgeon's family life, her travels, her submitted writings/sketches, and the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. It also contains a collection of written works by Christine and her second husband Argyll, including drafts, manuscripts, and published materials, both poetry and prose. Finally there are a number of keepsakes from Christine's travels.


  • Creation: 1913 - 1954


Language of Materials

Predominantly English with some French and Spanish.

Conditions Governing Access

No access restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Spencer Library Staff may determine use restrictions dependent on the physical condition of manuscript materials.

Biography of Christine "Felix" Sturgeon

Christine Hamilton Dicker Waldo Sturgeon was born in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada on March 30th, 1897, the daughter of Assheton George Hamilton Dicker and Helen Alice Hunter Dunn. She died in the spring of 1963 in Kingston, Jamaica. She was a poet, artist, violinist, calligrapher, journalist, women's activist, and publicist.

Her first marriage was to an American, Edward Molineaux Waldo, at the age of 17. From this marriage Christine had two children, Peter and Edward. In 1926 this marriage ended in divorce, and two years later Christine married a Scottish math teacher named William Dickie Sturgeon, nicknamed Argyll. He eventually adopted the boys, and at this point Edward became Theodore (often called Ted for short). Ted Sturgeon was the well-known science-fiction writer, author of More than Human (1953).

The Sturgeon family moved to Philadelphia so that Argyll could take a professorship, and Christine became a member of the Speaker's Bureau on International Affairs under the auspices of the Society of Friends.

As the boys reached their mid- and late teen years, Christine and Argyll began to travel extensively throughout Europe. These travels inspired many writings, sketches, and paintings, at least one of which was published in the magazine Drexerd. Throughout this time, Christine maintained an involvement with the Philadelphia chapter of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPH), and when the Sturgeons eventually settled in Scotland for a time, she served as chair of the Scottish chapter.

From the late 1920s onward Christine wrote prolifically, submitting many poems, stories, and novels to publishers, for which she gained praise. She even submitted an animation scenario of Felix the Cat to Pat Sullivan Studios, and though it was not used, it elicited an admiring letter from animator Walter Lantz.

Sturgeon also wrote many letters to people of note, such as Mrs. Wilson, Mrs. Roosevelt, and Lord Halifax, pleading for peaceful co-operation on a global level, often involving the WILPF.

The Sturgeons' years in Scotland were taken up with various teaching enterprises, even founding their own school, but eventually in 1950 they moved to the British West Indies where they continued teaching. Christine taught a variety of subjects, including art, history, and English. Argyll died in 1954, after which Christine lived with her cook Cynthia and housekeeper Gillie until her death.

Christine wrote under the names Christine Hamilton, Chris or Christie Hamilton, Christine Dicker, Christine Sturgeon, and Felix Sturgeon. Felix was a nickname given to her by Pat Sullivan, by which her friends and family eventually referred to her.


2.75 Linear Feet (4 boxes + 2 oversize folders)

Scope and Contents

The Christine Sturgeon collection has been organized into three series: correspondence; writings; and keepsakes and other items. Much of the order of the collection originated from the donor of the collection, Sturgeon's granddaughter, and has been maintained.

Oversize materials located at MS Qa17 have been physically separated and are described at the end of the "Writings" series.

Physical Location

MS 330

Physical Location

MS Qa17

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift, Tandy J. Sturgeon, 2011.

Related Materials

Personal papers of Theodore Sturgeon, MS 254, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas.

Papers of Theodore Sturgeon, MS 303, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas.

Guide to the Christine "Felix" Sturgeon Collection
Christine "Felix" Sturgeon papers
Finding aid created by tmw. Finding aid encoded by tmw.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Finding aid written in English.
Finding aid permalink
Preferred citation
Christine "Felix" Sturgeon papers, MS 330, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas.

Repository Details

Part of the University of Kansas. Kenneth Spencer Research Library Repository

1450 Poplar Lane
Lawrence KS 66045-7616 United States