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Scrapbook concerning the assumption of Presidency of Paraguay by Andrés Rodríguez

 Collection
Call Number: MS Q79

Overview

Scrapbook, with additional loosely inserted materials, concerning the assumption of the Paraguayan presidency by Andrés Rodríguez in 1989, replacing longtime President Alfredo Stroessner. Consists of newspapers from Asunción, Paraguay; Brazil; and eleven periodical photocopies from the United States of America.

Dates

  • February 3, 1989-June 1989

Language of Materials

Spanish, Portuguese, and English

Conditions Governing Access

No access restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Spencer Library staff may determine use restrictions dependent on the physical condition of manuscript materials.

Biography of Ándrés Rodríguez

Ándrés Rodríguez was born in San Salvador de Guairá, Paraguay in June 1923. In 1942, Rodríguez joined the army, and in 1947 he participated in the Paraguayan civil war. Seven years after his mentor General Alfredo Stroessner took power, Rodríguez was promoted to full colonel and commanded the Cavalry Division. In 1970 he was promoted to general and head of the first Army Corps.

Rodríguez's loyalty to his mentor finished the night of February 2, 1989 when he launched a coup d´état that collapsed the 35-year Stroessner dictatorship. Rodríguez assumed the presidency, formalized by a presidential election in May 1989 with 75 percent of the popular vote. Rodríguez undertook a liberalization program that eliminated some of Stroessner's most repressive policies and changed the old ways to political democracy. During his presidency he freed the press, permitted the return of exiles, and removed the most corrupt and brutal associates of Stroessner. Rodríguez died in 1997 in New York City, United States.

Biography of Alfredo Stroessner

Alfredo Stroessner was born in Encarnación, Paraguay, in November 1912. At the age of 17, he joined the army and became a lieutenant after two years.

Stroessner was successful in the army. His skills were very useful to the Paraguayan president, Higinio Moringo, who promoted him rapidly. Stroessner became a brigadier and the youngest general in South America. He participated in the Chaco War as well as the Paraguayan civil war, making him a formidable political and social player.

In 1951, Stroessner joined the Colorado Party and in 1954 was elected president, assuming the presidency in August 15. Though he brought electrification to Paraguay, for 35 years from 1954 to 1989, Stroessner’s rule whas characterized by an economy based on contraband and a government system reinforced by terror of a network of spies and secret police. He was friendly with other South American dictators, including Videla and Pinochet.

In February 1989 Ándres Rodríguez, friend and father–in-law of Stroessner’s son, overthrew the regime. After the coup-d´état, Stroessner went into exile in Brazil, where he died on August 16, 2006.

Extent

1.67 Linear Feet (1 oversize box + 1 oversize folder)

Physical Location

MS Q79

Physical Location

MS R22

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift, Jorge Ramirez and Claudia Pacheco, 1990.

Title
Guide to the Andrés Rodríguez Paraguayan Presidency Scrapbook Collection
Subtitle
Scrapbook concerning the assumption of Presidency of Paraguay by Andrés Rodríguez
Author
Finding aid prepared by iyg. Finding aid encoded by mwh.
Date
2019
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Finding aid written in English.
Sponsor
Support for the processing of this collection was provided by the Shelley Miller Memorial Fund.
Finding aid permalink
http://hdl.handle.net/10407/4505119491
Preferred citation
Scrapbook concerning the assumption of Presidency of Paraguay by Andrés Rodríguez, MS Q79, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas.

Repository Details

Part of the University of Kansas. Kenneth Spencer Research Library Repository

Contact:
1450 Poplar Lane
Lawrence KS 66045-7616 United States
785-864-4334