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Tyburn Gallows list of executions

 Collection — Folder: 1
Call Number: MS P326

Overview

(Incomplete?) list of executions conducted at the Tyburn gallows in England for the years 1731 and 1732. The list consists of three pages and a fragment; the list provides names, dates of execution, and sometimes the offense committed. The list notes that an experiment was made on a criminal in 1731: "pierce Tympanum and test hearing." The list may have been made for "Dr. Cotton"(?).

Dates

  • for executions conducted in 1731-1732

Conditions Governing Access

No access restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Spencer Library staff may determine use restrictions dependent on the physical condition of manuscript materials.

History of Tyburn Gallows

The Tyburn gallows were located near a brook named Tye Bourne, which ran underneath Brook Street (at the junction of current Oxford Street and Park Lane in London, England). The Tyburn hanging tree was a site of execution in England as early as the 12th century, the first recorded execution taking place in 1196. A gallows was erected at the location in the 16th century, built to allow for the hanging of several individual felons at once. Specific days throughout the year were designated for hangings, and these were considered public holidays. These gallows remained in place until 1759, when a moving gallows were erected and the official site of execution moved to Newgate Prison. The site of the Tyburn gallows evolved into the present-day Speakers Corner, located in Hyde Park.

[Information retrieved from Johnson, Ben, "Tyburn Tree and Speakers Corner," https://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryMagazine/DestinationsUK/Tyburn-Tree-Speakers-Corner/ (accessed 18 November 2020).]

Extent

1 folder ; Folder measures 22x37 cm.

Physical Location

MS P326

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Purchase, Maggs Bros Rare Books, June 27, 1966.

Processing Information

Former SC temporary call number: MS (Box) 38:36.

Former temporary collection name: Collection of 19th c. letters: Miscellaneous group of mainly English letters: mostly 19th c, some 20th c, a few 18th c.

Title
Guide to the Tyburn Gallows Collection
Subtitle
Tyburn Gallows list of executions
Author
Finding aid prepared by alh, 1966. Finding aid encoded by mwh, 2020.
Date
2020-11
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Finding aid written in English.
Finding aid permalink
http://hdl.handle.net/10407/0307167253
Preferred citation
Tyburn Gallows list of executions, MS P326, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas

Repository Details

Part of the University of Kansas. Kenneth Spencer Research Library Repository

Contact:
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785-864-4334