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Battle of Hickory Point drawing

 Collection — Folder: 1
Call Number: RH PH P1057


Drawing by W. Hreyman of the Battle of Hickory Point in Kansas, based on his eye-witness experience of the skirmish. Features Colonel Harvey, Captain T. Bickerton, Lieutenant S. Pratt, F. Baldwin, William Breyman and team, G. Easter, C. S. Geason, S. P. Brown, P. Carter, and the Stubbs Company.


  • Creation: 1856

Conditions Governing Access

No access restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Spencer Library staff may determine use restrictions dependent on the physical condition of manuscript materials.

History of the Battle of Hickory Point

The Battle of Hickory Point occurred from September 13-14, 1856 and was one of the violent clashes between free-state and proslavery forces during the "Bleeding Kansas" era. In September 1856, a band of proslavery men attacked Grasshopper Falls (later called Valley Falls) in Jefferson County, Kansas and began to terrorize the area. On September 13th, General James H. Lane with a small company besieged a party of proslavery men in Hickory Point, about five miles east of Ozawkie, Jefferson County, under the command of Captain H. A. Lowe. Unable to dislodge them, Lane sent to Lawrence, Kansas for artillery and reinforcements. Colonel James A. Harvey responded the next day only to find that Lane had raised the siege and departed. "Sacramento," a historic Mexican War cannon, was fired into the buildings with little effect. Unable to dislodge Lowe and his men, Harvey ordered a wagon load of hay backed up to a blacksmith shop sheltering members of the proslavery forces and set on fire. A white flag was sent out from the shop asking permission for some of the non-combatants to leave the building. Messages were sent back and forth and a compromise established.

One proslavery man was killed and four were wounded. Three free-state men were shot in the legs, one through the lungs, and one suffered a bruised head. Later, Harvey's men were captured and charged with murder in the first degree; several of those men were convicted and sentenced to five years in the state penitentiary.

[Information taken from the Battle of Hickory Point historical marker, Territorial Kansas Online, and historical summary included in acquistion file.]


1 folder

Language of Materials


Physical Location

RH PH P1057

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift, H.M. Sender, 1935.

Processing Information

Transferred from RH S8 to RH PH P1057.

Guide to the Battle of Hickory Point Collection
Battle of Hickory Point drawing
Finding aid prepared by cmp, 2021. Finding aid encoded by cmp, 2021.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Finding aid written in English.
Finding aid permalink
Preferred citation
Battle of Hickory Point drawing, RH PH P1057, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas.

Repository Details

Part of the University of Kansas. Kenneth Spencer Research Library Repository

1450 Poplar Lane
Lawrence KS 66045-7616 United States