Skip to main content

Harold Covington collection

Call Number: RH WL MS 52


Harold Covington, active in the 1980s-2010s in the United States, was a neo-Nazi who wrote for, participated in, and ran several right-wing organizations, including but not limited to the Confederate National Congress, National Pioneer Association, National Socialist Liberation Front, National Socialists of America, Thoughtcrimes, and the National Front. He participated with the American Nazi Party in 1979 during the Greensboro Massacre, and a large portion of this collection contans documents from the court proceedings related to that incident, dating from 1984-1985. His collection also contains personal correspondence, flyers and leaflets from the organizations with which he associated, and newspaper clippings.


  • Creation: 1980 - 2011


Conditions Governing Access

No access restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Spencer Library staff may determine use restrictions dependent on the physical condition of manuscript materials.

Biography of Harold Covington

Harold Armstead Covington, born September 14, 1953 in Burlington, North Carolina, was an American white nationalist and neo-Nazi who was active in the United States from the late 1970s until his death on July 18, 2018 in Bremerton, Washington. In 1971 he joined both the United States Army and the U.S. National Socialist White People’s Party. In 1972 he was discharged from the army while stationed in Hawaii, after being caught distributing neo-Nazi pamphlets. After his army discharge, Covington moved to South Africa. In 1974 he moved to Zimbabwe, then known as Rhodesia, where he helped to found the Rhodesian White People's Party. He was deported from Rhodesia in 1976 for sending threatening letters to a Jewish congregation. After returning to the United States, Covington rose to the position of President within the Nazi party, leading the party in 1979 during the Greensboro, North Carolina massacre. Covington resigned in 1981 after losing the Republican primary for attorney general in North Carolina. From the mid-1980s until the early 1990s, he lived in Ireland, married Louise Covington and had two children, and participated in the terror group Combat 18 (C18), which advocates for racial violence and antisemitism. After being financially cut off from his father, he left his family behind. Covington returned to the United States in 1994 and restarted the National Socialist White People's Party in Chapel Hill, Nc. One of the first neo-Nazi presences on the internet, he initiated several websites from 1996 on, including Thoughtcrimes. On these websites he utilized the alias "Winston Smith" while publishing antisemitic, Holocaust denial, and white nationalist rhetoric on the internet. He also created the Podcast Free Radio Northwest, on which he advocated for a white nationalist ethnic state in the American Pacific Northwest, to be made up of the states of Idaho, Washington, and Oregon.


2.75 Linear Feet (6 boxes)

Language of Materials



This collection has been arranged into 4 series: Greensboro, Nc court documents; National Socialists of America and correspondence with other white nationalist organizations; and Confederate National Congress and Northwest Pioneer Association, two organizations with which Covington was closely affiliated, either through founding the organization and/or serving as its newsletter editor. Within the Greensboro court records and the general National Socialist of America and general white nationalist series, original order has been maintained. In the Confederate National Congress and Northwest Pioneer Association series, documents have been organized by document type and date, respectively.

Physical Location


Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift, Laird Wilcox.

Related Materials

Several of Covington's publications are also available at the Spencer Research Library; search the online catalog for more details.

Processing Information

Materials regarding the Confederate National Congress and Northwest Pioneer Association formerly located at RH WL Eph 1704 and RH WL Eph 3999 have been incorporated into this collection.

Guide to the Harold Covington Collection
Harold Covington collection
Finding aid prepared by haz. Finding aid encoded by haz.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Finding aid written in English.
Support for the processing of this collection was provided by the G. Baley Price Spencer Research Library Fellowship Fund.
Finding aid permalink
Preferred citation
Harold Covington Collection, RH WL MS 52, Wilcox Collection, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas.

Repository Details

Part of the University of Kansas. Kenneth Spencer Research Library Repository

1450 Poplar Lane
Lawrence KS 66045-7616 United States